An excellent resume has its layout as any vital document. Resume sections allow you to organize essential information about your professional experience. Continue reading to learn mandatory and optional resume categories.
What are the basic categories or sections of a resume?
The primary sections of a resume are the ones that include data about a person’s contacts, previous professional experiences, education, acquired skills, certifications. Some people also put several lines about their hobbies or interests. Not all the resume sections are obligatory. Applicants can decide for themselves whether all the units should be on a CV or not.
Some job descriptions are rather detailed and strict regarding what data should be in the applicant’s form. And it is helpful, while you know for sure that you provide interviewers with handy details. Below, you will find out what sections on resume are mandatory and optional.
Mandatory Resume Categories (Standard Resume Sections)
There are several basic categories on a resume present in every solid CV. The essential sections of a resume give an interviewer the most critical information about a potential employee. So, what sections should a standard resume include according to SkillHub? These are as follows:
- Contact information.
- Resume Summary (another name is Resume Objective).
- Work Experience category.
- Education part.
- And Skills resume heading.
Those are the resume categories that form a standard CV’s skeleton and matter the most for you as a job-seeker. Note, however, that you can always broaden the document with the optional sections of a resume.
Optional Resume Categories (Additional Resume Sections)
The majority of job seekers prefer to mention some additional information in their CV. The optional resume categories allow you to include something significant that does not fit into any of the mandatory resume headers. The optional sections to put on a resume have some technical, personal, and management skills.
You can also mention some skills and interests on your resume if they seem to be proper for a job based on a vacancy description. Yet, do not forget that these are additional sections to add to a resume; if you see that your particular skills are remotely related to a company or position, it is better to leave solely standard resume categories.
Standard Resume: Order of Resume Sections
Official documentation often has a specific structure, and the categories for resume also stick to a particular order. Some people prefer to put their experience ahead of all the other sections; yet, you should follow a traditional order of resume sections. Here they are:
- Contact Information.
- Resume Objective.
- Work Experience.
- Certifications; the category is somewhat optional; people should add it if the certificate is crucial for the position.
- Additional sections for resume.
It is worth mentioning that an ordinary CV can slightly vary in terms of its structure based on who is applying, what experience he/she has, and the acquired expertise.
Order of Resume Sections for a Professional Resume
Regarding the sections in a professional resume, there is nothing new for you – just stick to a standard order of resume sections and polish the document. Basically, you will have all the previously mentioned headings: the Contact Information, Summary, Work Experience and Accomplishments, Certifications and Associations (not mandatory), education, your Skills’ Section, and Additional categories on your resume. Make sure to mention all vital facts in the right sections in a resume.
Order of Resume Sections for College Students
College students often do not have enough accomplishments to put in their first CV. Yet, the resume section order is a rule for everyone. So, here are the vital headings:
- Contact Information.
- Objective of a Resume.
- Internships or Experience if you are a senior student.
- Leadership section – write here about some extracurricular activities.
- Interests and Hobbies.
If your education is your trump card, may it work for you, add some out-of-school activities that show you as an excellent leader and a team player.
Order of Resume Sections if You Want to Change a Career
An applicant who has a need to review his/her professional activity will also need a new resume. Specifically, you are to mull over the sphere and position you are willing to pursue. The structure will be slightly different, and there is one new resume skills section:
- Resume Objective.
- Relevant Experience.
- An optional category – Additional Experience.
- Additional Sections.
Overall, be prepared to have a well-thought CV to get more interviews.
Contact details Resume Section
The contact section is among the information categories in a resume that allows your interviewers to get in touch with you and your past employers. Basically, you should include your telephone numbers, email, and maybe some links to a portfolio or social media. Some recruiters check social media in default, while others only boil down to screening the LinkedIn profile.
By the way, adding a LinkedIn link is a good idea, as interviewers may track your previous job experience as well as the companies you have been working with. Note that it is up for you to decide whether to put some references in a CV. The thing is that an interviewer can simply ask you to handle this information in case of need. Remember that there is no need to add your actual address in a form, especially considering a current trend – remote and online job.
Resume Summary and Resume Objective
A resume summary can be presented in three types of categories for a resume: the profile, summary, and objective. It might be hard for you to get an idea of which heading to pick, so let us figure it out. A CV summary is more for a professional worker with incredible work experience and impressive achievements in the sphere. Such categories on resume tell your interviewer that there are some skills of yours that fit the position entirely.
The objective is an excellent choice of the college students, entry-level job-seekers, and also the ones who want to change a career. Consider it as an introduction part of the entire resume; such resume sections explain why a person who reads the CV should continue reading and pay attention to your candidature. Spend some time creating your introduction part, add phrases mentioned in the job description to craft a winning resume that may interest the recruiters.
Resume Experience Section
We came to a resume experience section – the one that turns all the floodlight projectors on a candidate. An applicant must carefully refine the category, as it is one of the most critical ones. It is also crucial that you create a form that would be easy to read for both a human person and an applicant tracking system (ATS system). It would be sad if you lose a chance to get a dream job because you are not attentive enough to details. First of all, name it correctly – an ‘Experience’ category.
Some recruiting firms use the ATS, as it helps to scan thousands of CVs. Naturally, it would be great to help robots read the resume the way you need them to read. Keep in mind that the jobs must be placed in the reversed chronological order, meaning that the first thing on the list will be your current or last job.